Supriya N

Oxidase Test

Oxidase test checks the production of cytochrome-c oxidases, whose presence in the test organism becomes evident by the formation of the blue-purple coloured complex (indophenols) by the oxidation of TMPD (tetramethyl phenylenediamine dihydrochloride) reagent. In the reduced form, the TMPD oxidase reagent remains colourless. Therefore, we can say that the oxidase reagent functions as both …

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Catalase Test

Catalase test in one of the biochemical analysis that generally comes into use for the identification of the organisms, whether they are catalase producers or not. It is primarily used to distinguish between the two gram-positive bacteria, namely Staphylococcus and Streptococcus species. Streptococcus bacteria are mostly facultative anaerobes (may produce catalase), while few are obligate …

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Messenger RNA

Messenger RNA abbreviated as “m-RNA” and contained specific codons encoding particular amino acids, which is later processed into proteins (as amino acids are the monomer unit of proteins). Protein is an element that is required to develop the life forms, so a cell must translate specific proteins. Therefore for the proper growth and cell development, …

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Voges Proskauer Test

Voges Proskauer test depends upon the formation of a neutral end product “Acetoin” in the MRVP media, which directly relies on the breakdown of glucose into an intermediate product “Pyruvic acid”. The pyruvic acid undergoes butylene glycol pathway and produces an end product named acetyl methyl carbinol or acetoin. It is named after the contribution …

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Methyl Red Test

Methyl red test differentiates whether the organism can undergo mixed acid fermentation or not, by the supply of glucose. Organisms that can ferment glucose will give positive MR test by producing a large amount of acid, and some organisms give negative MR test. It also helps to identify and classify between the different genera of …

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Indole Test

Indole test is a biochemical test that helps in the identification and classification of bacteria based on their tendency to decompose amino acid (Tryptophan) into a compound refers as “Indole”. It is a part of a biochemical method popularly known as IMViC test, where ‘I’ stands for indole test. Indole is one of the end …

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Bacterial Conjugation

Bacterial conjugation is a gene transfer mechanism, first introduced by the scientists named Lederberg and Tatum in the year 1946. The conjugation method was first studied in Escherichia coli. The formation of a conjugation tube is the characteristic feature in a conjugation mechanism. Instead of transduction and transformation, some bacteria passes the genetic information from …

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Mitotic Division

Mitotic division shows a pattern of cell division, where a single cell multiplies into two similar daughter cells by the segregation of newly replicated chromosomes in the nucleus. It is the intermediate phase of the cell division that activates after the G-2 interphase and ends with the stage of cytokinesis. Mitosis is a part of …

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Centrifugation Method

Centrifugation method is a process of separating different components or the suspended particles from the homogenous solution, by the practice of centrifugal force. It separates particles based on their physical properties like size, shape, density etc. and chemical properties like molecular weight and viscosity. A natural gravitational force can also concentrate particles but in an …

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