Biotechnology

Cheese Production

Cheese production also refers to as “Caseiculture”. It makes the use of raw materials, bacterial culture along with rennet to process the end-product, i.e. cheese. Cheese comes in different varieties by the difference in ingredients and the processing of cheese. Cheesemaking can accomplish by using milk, either in a raw or pasteurized form. Depending upon …

Cheese Production Read More »

Membrane Proteins

Membrane proteins are the binding proteins that mediate conduction of ions or molecules into and out of the cell membrane. It has three major kinds, namely integral, peripheral and lipid-anchored membrane proteins. The membrane protein is the principal constituent of the cell membrane that contributes to the structure of the plasma membrane. The attachment of …

Membrane Proteins Read More »

Spectrophotometer

The spectrophotometer measures absorption and spectral bandwidth of the given sample. Absorption is the logarithm of transmittance, i.e. Log (T), whereas transmittance is the portion of light moved through the sample. Transmittance can define as the ratio of light incidents on the test sample to the light transmits through the solution, i.e. IO/I. Spectral bandwidth …

Spectrophotometer Read More »

Messenger RNA

Messenger RNA abbreviated as “m-RNA” and contained specific codons encoding particular amino acids, which is later processed into proteins (as amino acids are the monomer unit of proteins). Protein is an element that is required to develop the life forms, so a cell must translate specific proteins. Therefore for the proper growth and cell development, …

Messenger RNA Read More »

Actinomycetes

Actinomycetes belong to the group of prokaryotic, gram-positive bacteria which are having a filamentous structure. Its filamentous structure resembles the fungal mycelium, which consists of a highly dense and filamentous network. Due to the filamentous structure of Actinomycetes, it also refers as “Thread or Ray bacteria”. The cell wall and the internal structure of the …

Actinomycetes Read More »

Restriction Enzyme

Restriction enzyme refers to as “Restriction endonuclease” which was discovered during the study of Entero-bacteriophage where the E.coli inhibits the phage activity. In 1978, Werner Arber, Daniel Nathans, Hamilton O Smith won the Nobel Prize for the characterization and discovery of restriction enzyme. Restriction endonuclease also refers to as “Molecular scissors” which are widely used …

Restriction Enzyme Read More »