Biotechnology

RBC Count Method

The RBC count method comes under haemocytometry, which quantitatively measures the number of RBCs in a blood sample. Haemocytometer or Neubauer’s chamber slide is a manual method to count RBCs. Nowadays, more accurate or automated devices have been developed like electrometric and photometric counter that can count the cell constituents of the blood sample. It …

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Genetic Codons

Genetic codons are the gene sequences which encodes specific amino acids that polymerize to form proteins. DNA is the heritable material that serves as a source of the hereditary unit, which transfers genetic information from one to the next generations. Therefore, in a cell, DNA is a director that mediates the synthesis of proteins. A …

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Difference between Cofactor and Coenzyme

The difference between cofactor and coenzyme is mainly due to the following factors: Chemical nature: Cofactors constitutes a large group of helper molecules that can be inorganic and organic, while cofactors are simply the small, organic molecules. Function: Coenzymes significantly acts as a carrier material to convert the inactive protein (Apoenzyme) into the active form …

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Biofertilizer Production

Biofertilizer production is necessary for the agricultural lands that have been deprived of soil minerals and nutrients important for the plant growth and development. Biofertilizers is different from chemical fertilizers that impose a negative impact on the soil quality as well as the people consuming the crops grown from it. Besides, chemical fertilizers are quite …

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Cheese Production

Cheese production also refers to as “Caseiculture”. It makes the use of raw materials, bacterial culture along with rennet to process the end-product, i.e. cheese. Cheese comes in different varieties by the difference in ingredients and the processing of cheese. Cheesemaking can accomplish by using milk, either in a raw or pasteurized form. Depending upon …

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Membrane Proteins

Membrane proteins are the binding proteins that mediate conduction of ions or molecules into and out of the cell membrane. It has three major kinds, namely integral, peripheral and lipid-anchored membrane proteins. The membrane protein is the principal constituent of the cell membrane that contributes to the structure of the plasma membrane. The attachment of …

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Spectrophotometer

The spectrophotometer measures absorption and spectral bandwidth of the given sample. Absorption is the logarithm of transmittance, i.e. Log (T), whereas transmittance is the portion of light moved through the sample. Transmittance can define as the ratio of light incidents on the test sample to the light transmits through the solution, i.e. IO/I. Spectral bandwidth …

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Messenger RNA

Messenger RNA abbreviated as “m-RNA” and contained specific codons encoding particular amino acids, which is later processed into proteins (as amino acids are the monomer unit of proteins). Protein is an element that is required to develop the life forms, so a cell must translate specific proteins. Therefore for the proper growth and cell development, …

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Actinomycetes

Actinomycetes belong to the group of prokaryotic, gram-positive bacteria those are having a filamentous structure. Its filamentous structure resembles the fungal mycelium, which consists of a highly dense and filamentous network. Due to the filamentous structure of actinomycetes, it is also termed as thread or ray bacteria. The cell wall and the internal structure of …

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