Biotechnology

Spectrophotometer

The spectrophotometer measures absorption and spectral bandwidth of the given sample. Absorption is the logarithm of transmittance, i.e. Log (T), whereas transmittance is the portion of light moved through the sample. Transmittance can define as the ratio of light incidents on the test sample to the light transmits through the solution, i.e. IO/I. Spectral bandwidth …

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Messenger RNA

Messenger RNA abbreviated as “m-RNA” and contained specific codons encoding particular amino acids, which is later processed into proteins (as amino acids are the monomer unit of proteins). Protein is an element that is required to develop the life forms, so a cell must translate specific proteins. Therefore for the proper growth and cell development, …

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Actinomycetes

Actinomycetes belong to the group of prokaryotic, gram-positive bacteria which are having a filamentous structure. Its filamentous structure resembles the fungal mycelium, which consists of a highly dense and filamentous network. Due to the filamentous structure of Actinomycetes, it also refers as “Thread or Ray bacteria”. The cell wall and the internal structure of the …

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Restriction Enzyme

Restriction enzyme refers to as “Restriction endonuclease” which was discovered during the study of Entero-bacteriophage where the E.coli inhibits the phage activity. In 1978, Werner Arber, Daniel Nathans, Hamilton O Smith won the Nobel Prize for the characterization and discovery of restriction enzyme. Restriction endonuclease also refers to as “Molecular scissors” which are widely used …

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Biohydrogen

Biohydrogen is now being commercially produced as a “Biofuel”. It is the advanced biofuel, which makes the use of living biomass or organisms for its production. Biohydrogen is now considered best among all the biofuels as it accounts to fulfil all the energy demands as it can obtain from the sustainable resources like: Biological splitting …

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