Botany

Phloem

Phloem is a complex tissue of a plant which was first introduced by a scientist Nageli in the year 1853. It is a part of the vascular system in a plant cell which involves the translocation of organic molecules from the leaves to the different parts of plants like stem, flowers, fruits and roots. Therefore …

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Ovule

The ovule is a part of a plant which also refers to as “Megasporangium” that forms megaspores which finally develops into a seed after the process of fertilization. The megasporangium is present inside the base of the ovary which extends and give rise to the stalk-like structure called “Style” and finally opens into the Stigma. …

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Rhizopus

Introduction: Rhizopus is a type of fungus which belongs to the class Zygomycetes because of the fact that it produces zygospore in its sexual reproductive phase. It also refers to bread, black or pin mould. These can reproduce by vegetative, asexual and sexual means followed by fragmentation, sporangiospores and zygospores. Rhizopus is cosmopolitan in distribution. …

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Aspergillus

Introduction: Aspergillus is a common fungus, which is present everywhere, in the soil, air, water etc. or we can say it is present in a wide range of conditions. Therefore, these are ubiquitous in nature. It consists of several 100-500 species among which some are economically important and some are deleterious i.e. pathogenic. It was …

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