Botany

Difference Between Plant and Animal Cytokinesis

The difference between plant and animal cytokinesis is mainly due to the following factors like: Mode of cytokinesis Cell abscission Both the plant and the animal cell divides their cytoplasmic contents equally between the two identical daughter cells but through different mechanisms. In a plant cell, the cytoplasmic division occurs via the fusion of phragmoplast …

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Protoplasm

Protoplasm is a term used to indicate the living matter of the cell which includes the cytoplasm and the nucleus. It is a colourless colloidal suspension of lipids and proteins in water. It was put forward in the year 1835 and was primarily considered as the ground substance of the cell. But these days, two …

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Aestivation in Plants

Aestivation in plants can be defined as the arrangement of the perianth (a collective term for the sepals and petals) inside a floral bud before blooming. It is important to know the plant taxonomy, in which flowers of the different family show distinct aestivation. For instance, the sepals and petals of the Hibiscus flower belonging to …

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Floral Diagram

The floral diagram is a diagrammatical description of the properties like arrangement, position, structure, aestivation, connotation and adnation of the floral components. It was first introduced in the 19th century by the scientist named August Wilhelm Eichler. A floral diagram illustrates the different floral components by the characteristic symbols. It has a circular outline. There …

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Life Cycle of Achyla

The life cycle of Achyla species involves asexual or sexual modes of reproduction. The genus Achyla includes approximately 47 species and belongs to the group of oomycetes or water mould. Few species of Achyla are phytopathogens like Achlya conspicua and Achlya klebsiana. Most of the Achyla species are aquatic, while few grow on damp soil. …

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Late Blight in Potato

Late blight in potato is a plant disease caused by the pathogenic fungus, Phytophthora infestans. It is a potentially devastating disease that primarily found in potatoes but can also be seen in the members of the Solanaceae family, including tomatoes, petunias and hairy nightshade etc. Phytophthora infestans is a plant pathogen, which can severely affect …

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Pericarp

A pericarp is a fraction of the fruit that constitutes the outer layer in the fruit anatomy, which encloses the seed. It develops from the flower’s ovary and surrounds the seed that develops from an ovule, as a result of plant fertilization. Pericarp can be squishy or sapless. It is the edible tissue of fruit …

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