Biotechnology

Biohydrogen

Biohydrogen is now being commercially produced as a “Biofuel”. It is the advanced biofuel, which makes the use of living biomass or organisms for its production. Biohydrogen is now considered best among all the biofuels as it accounts to fulfil all the energy demands as it can obtain from the sustainable resources like: Biological splitting …

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Meristem Culture

Meristem culture particularly involves the cultivation of the shoot apical meristem. This technique also refers to Shoot tip or Apical meristem culture. In 1952 Morel and Martin were the first scientists who developed the technique of meristem culture for in-vivo virus eradication of Dahlia. Orchid cymbidium was micropropagated using this culture by Morel in 1965. …

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Ovary culture

Ovary culture is the in-vitro technique which is carried outside on a suitable nutrient medium in an unpollinated flower to grow new haploid plants. The process of ovary culture refers as “Gynogenesis” as the ovary is the female reproductive part or also refers to as “Gynoecium”. Gynogenesis was first studied by the scientist San Noem in …

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Anther Culture

Anther culture is a type of tissue culture technique, where a part of a plant, i.e. Anther gives rise to an androgenic haploid plant when cultured in a nutrient medium under optimal conditions that are required for the growth of the cell. The process of anther culture comes under the process of “Androgenesis” which merely …

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Difference Between Endonuclease and Exonuclease

The difference between Endonuclease and Exonuclease is mainly due to the following two properties like mode of action and the site of cleavage. Mode of action: Endo-nuclease cuts the nucleotide bases from the middle by breaking the phosphodiester backbone of nucleotide. Exo-nuclease cuts the nucleotide bases at the ends by breaking the phosphodiester backbone of …

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