Phototropism in Plants

Phototropism in plants is a process where a plant bends in response to sunlight or any other light source. Plants sense light stimuli through their photoreceptors proteins. These specialized protein molecules or photoreceptors form a complex with the light-absorbing pigment (chromophore). When a chromophore absorbs light radiations, it brings changes in the photoreceptors’ structural configuration …

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Rhizopus is a type of fungus that belongs to the class Zygomycetes, as its species produce zygospore in the sexual reproductive phase. They are also called bread, black or pin mould. These can reproduce by vegetative, asexual and sexual methods through fragmentation, sporangiospores and zygospores formation, respectively. Rhizopus species are cosmopolitan in distribution. It grows …

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Aspergillus is a common fungus, which is present everywhere (in the soil, air, water etc.), or we can say it is present in a wide range of conditions. Therefore, these are ubiquitous in nature. It consists of several 100-500 species, among which some are economically important, and some are deleterious, i.e. pathogenic. It was named …

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