Difference Between Budding and Grafting

Major Difference: The difference Between Budding and Grafting is due to:

  • The part of Scion

In budding, a scion is a bud of the closely related plant which is inserted into the rootstock of the original plant.

Whereas in the grafting method, a scion is a stem of a closely related plant which is inserted into the stem of the original plant.

Content: Budding Vs Grafting

  1. Comparison Chart
  2. Definition of Budding
  3. Definition of Grafting
  4. Types of Budding
  5. Similarities Between Budding and Grafting
  6. Key Differences Between Budding and Grafting
  7. Conclusion

Comparison chart

PropertiesBuddingGrafting
InsertionIn this, bud of a plant is inserted into the rootstockIn this, stem of a plant is inserted into the rootstock
EvolutionNewly emerging techniqueAncient method
ScionBudStem
Expertise in handlingRequires less expertiseRequires technical skills
Size of the scionSmall Larger
PeriodDone during the period of growing season of the stockDone during the period when the stock is dormant in the winter and early spring
TypesT, Inverted T, Patch, I, Forkert, Ring budding etc.Cleft, Bark, Splice, Whip, Side Veneer, Saddle budding etc.
ApplicationApplicable for the fruit, nut and ornamental treesUsed to increase the quality of fruits, flowers or leaves

Definition of Budding

Budding: It is the method which can define as the horticulture method of vegetative propagation of a bud. In Budding, a bud is cut off with some bark into the insertion on the stock, by many methods. Budding is a type of grafting, where a scion is a bud instead of the stem.

Definition of Grafting

Grafting: It is the method which can define as the horticulture method of vegetative propagation of a stem. In grafting, a stem is cut off in such a way that another stem can insert. Both the stems then unite and grow as an individual plant.

Types of Budding

There are several methods in the process of budding which includes:

T-method: In this method, the bud is inserted into the T shaped insertion in the rootstock of the original plant.

T Budding

Inverted T budding: In this method, the horizontal cut is made at the bottom and the vertical cut is applied on the top. Therefore, the insertion is the contrast to the T budding.

Inverted T Budding

Patch budding: In this patch of a bud is inserted into the rectangular patch of the bark removed from the rootstock.

Patch Budding

I budding: In this method, a rectangular bud patch is inserted into the I shaped insertion in the rootstock.

I Budding

Forkert budding: In this method, the scion is inserted into the rootstock of the shape (∏). Then this Forkert patch is pulled downwards to insert the bud.

Forkert Budding

Ring budding: This method also refers as annular budding. In this method, a complete circle is an incision over the rootstock of the stem where the bud stick is then inserted.

Ring Budding

Types of Grafting

There are several methods in the process of budding which includes:

Cleft graft: In this, the stem is inserted into the V-shaped rootstock.

CLEFT GRAFTING

Bark graft: In this, the stem is inserted into the cambium of the root system of a flap cut.

BARK GRAFTING

Splice graft: In this diagonal cut is made on both the stem and rootstock so that they can overlap each other.

SPLICE GRAFTING

Whip graft: It also refers as “Tongue graft”. In this, the insertion is made in such a way that both stem and the rootstocks have interlocking tongues.

WHIP GRAFTING

Side veneer grafting: In this, the stem is inserted into the removed wedge of the rootstock.

SIDE VENEER GRAFTING

Saddle graft: In this, both the scion and the rootstock is cultured into the V shape.
SADDLE GRAFTING

Similarities Between Budding and Grafting

  • Both budding and grafting are horticulture techniques.
  • The plants used for the scion into another rootstock is of closely related species.
  • The process is the same, as the scion is inserted into the rootstock and then grow as a composed plant.
  • The rootstock after insertion gives a healthy plant able to tolerate drought, disease etc.

Key Differences Between Budding and Grafting

  1. In budding, the bud of a plant is inserted into a second plant whereas, in grafting, the stem of a plant is inserted.
  2. Budding is the newly emerging technique whereas grafting is the ancient method.
  3. In budding scion is the bud whereas in grafting scion is the stem.
  4. Budding is a method which requires less expertise in comparison to the method of grafting.
  5. The process of budding is done during the growing season of the stock whereas the process of grafting is done during the period when a stock is in dormant condition (In the winter and early spring).
  6. Budding is a method which is applicable for the fruit, nut and ornamental trees whereas grafting is used to increase the quality of fruit, flowers or leaves.

Conclusion

In grafting, the leaves, flowers and seeds are produced by the scion of the plant which has been inserted. The nutrient supply from the rootstock is of the original plant, where the scion is inserted into it. In budding, the bud is cut out with some bark and while inserting the bark is in direct contact with the rootstock of the growing plant. The budding process is carried out in an active growing season.

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