Botany

Vernalization

Vernalization defines as a process of growing flowers and fruits through a phase of cold treatment. It reduces the time period of the juvenile vegetative growth phase in the plants. The active meristematic cells of the shoot apex, root apex, embryo tips etc. participate in the production of stimulus refers as “Vernalin”. The term vernalization …

Vernalization Read More »

Collenchyma Tissue

Collenchyma tissue is a term given by a scientist named Schleiden in the year 1839. It is a kind of simple permanent supportive tissue that confers mechanical strength to the plant. The collenchyma cells appear as elongated cells with the non-uniform thickened cell wall. It originates by the modification of parenchyma tissue into the cells comprising …

Collenchyma Tissue Read More »

Penicillium

Penicillium is a genus consisting of a group of fungi having around 354 accepted species. It also refers as “Doctor Fungi” as few members of the genus (Penicillium) can produce antibiotic to inhibit the growth of certain bacteria. Penicillium species are ubiquitous, where many produce potential mycotoxins, few produce medically useful antibiotics, and some are …

Penicillium Read More »

Mendelian Inheritance

Mendelian inheritance is an approach that explains the traits are the characters inherit from one generation to another by the discrete units, which later termed as genes. It also refers as “Mendelism” which was introduced by the botanist or an Austrian monk, Gregor Johann Mendel. Sir Mendel was honoured as “Father of Genetics” for his …

Mendelian Inheritance Read More »

Phloem

Phloem is a complex tissue of a plant which was first introduced by a scientist Nageli in the year 1853. It is a part of the vascular system in a plant cell which involves the translocation of organic molecules from the leaves to the different parts of plants like stem, flowers, fruits and roots. Therefore …

Phloem Read More »

Ovule

The ovule is a part of a plant which also refers to as “Megasporangium” that forms megaspores which finally develops into a seed after the process of fertilization. The megasporangium is present inside the base of the ovary which extends and give rise to the stalk-like structure called “Style” and finally opens into the Stigma. …

Ovule Read More »

Rhizopus

Rhizopus is a type of fungus which belongs to the class Zygomycetes because of the fact that it produces zygospore in its sexual reproductive phase. It also refers to bread, black or pin mould. These can reproduce by vegetative, asexual and sexual means followed by fragmentation, sporangiospores and zygospores. Rhizopus is cosmopolitan in distribution. It …

Rhizopus Read More »