Supriya N

Nucleotide

A nucleotide is a compound, which can form a polynucleotide chain by the union of nitrogenous bases and sugar-phosphate group. Monomers of nucleotide units are connected via a covalent phosphodiester bond. Nitrogenous bases, i.e. purines and pyrimidine, are attached via weak hydrogen bonds. The bases link with a deoxyribose pentose sugar via an N-glycosidic bond. …

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Continuous Culture

The continuous culture is an open cultivation process, in which the cell growth is maintained in the continuous mode of operations. It works as an open cultivation system, in which the fresh nutrient medium is continuously added into the culture vessel rather than recycling and reuse of the nutrients or substrate. There is an inlet pump …

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Restriction Enzyme

A restriction enzyme is produced within the bacterial cell due to which it is also called “Restriction endonuclease”. In 1978, Werner Arber, Daniel Nathans, Hamilton O Smith won the Nobel Prize for the characterization and discovery of restriction enzyme during the study of Entero-bacteriophage. According to their study, the bacteria possess some restriction activity that …

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Transfer RNA

Transfer RNA is an RNA type that acts as the intermediary element, and plays a significant role in the loading and transferring amino acids to the site of protein synthesis, i.e. Ribosome. The t-RNA first decodes the information or the nucleotide sequences carried by the m-RNA. Therefore, t-RNA also plays a major role in translating …

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