Science

Riboflavin

Riboflavin or Vitamin B-2 belongs to the Vitamin-B group, which are of eight kinds viz. vitamin B-1, B-2, B-3, B-5, B-6, B-7, B-9, B-12. It plays a crucial role in converting and breaking down protein, fats, and carbohydrates to produce energy. Vitamin B-2 converts complex carbohydrates, proteins and fat into simple sugar, amino acids and …

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Xanthophyll

Xanthophyll is a type of accessory pigment or phytochemicals, which belongs to the class of “Carotenoids”. In many vascular plants and algae, xanthophylls act as the light-harvesting protein complexes. Xanthophylls are rich in antioxidants, which prevent the cells from damaging. In photosynthetic eukaryotes, the xanthophylls are usually bound to the chlorophyll molecules. Xanthophylls are the …

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Difference Between Flagella and Pili

The difference between flagella and pili is due to the difference in the properties like structure, origination and functional role. Both are the two common types of surface appendages, which aid in locomotion and attachment of the organisms. Structure: The structure of flagellum appears whip-like, whereas pili appear thread or hair-like. Origination: The emergence of …

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Difference Between Amphibians and Reptiles

The difference between amphibians and reptiles is mainly due to the differences in the properties like the existence of dual life cycle, type of fertilization and skin type. Both amphibians and reptiles are the animals belonging to the phylum “Chordata” and considered as “Cold-blooded animals”. Life cycle: Amphibians have dual existence in their life cycle, …

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Difference Between Small Intestine and Large Intestine

The difference between the small intestine and large intestine is mainly due to the three factors like length, diameter and involvement in the digestion. Both small and large intestine belongs to the intestinal system. Length: The small intestine’s length is 9 m that is larger than the large intestine whose length is about 1.5 m. …

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Difference between Hypertonic and Hypotonic Solution

The difference between hypertonic and hypotonic solution is mainly due to the factors like: Solute concentration Solvent concentration Effect on a cell A hypertonic solution has a high solute concentration, whereas hypotonic solution has a low solute concentration. The concentration of the solvent is low in the hypertonic solution and high in the hypotonic solution. …

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