Riboflavin

Riboflavin or Vitamin B-2 belongs to the Vitamin-B group, which are of eight kinds viz. vitamin B-1, B-2, B-3, B-5, B-6, B-7, B-9, B-12. It plays a crucial role in conversion and breaks down of protein, fats and carbohydrate to produce energy. Vitamin B-2 converts complex carbohydrates, proteins and fat into simple sugar, amino acids …

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Xanthophyll

Xanthophyll is a type of accessory pigment or phytochemicals which belongs to the class of “Carotenoids”. In many vascular plants and algae, xanthophylls act as the light harvesting protein complexes. Xanthophylls are rich in “Antioxidants” which prevents the cells from damaging. In photosynthetic eukaryotes, the xanthophylls are usually bound to the chlorophyll molecules. Xanthophylls are …

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Difference Between Template and Coding Strand

The difference between template and coding strand is mainly due to the following properties like directional polarity and their function. Both are the two different strands of the double-stranded DNA, where template strand works as a template or base to transcribe mRNA, and the other determines the correct base sequence of the mRNA. Directional Polarity: …

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Nucleotide

A nucleotide is a compound which can form a polynucleotide chain by uniting nitrogenous bases with hydrogen bonding and sugar-phosphate group by a phosphodiester bond. There is another term that refers as “Nucleoside” which consist of two components, mainly nitrogenous bases and pentose sugar. Therefore, nucleotides can also define as the structural compound, which includes …

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