Mucor

Mucor is a mould which is a type of fungi, that is found everywhere. There are many species of Mucor ( around 50), that are distributed worldwide. It can cause diseases particularly refers to “Mucormycosis” that cause many infections in mucous membrane, lung, eye, skin etc. Classification: Kingdom: Mycota Division: Zygomycota Sub-division: Zygomycotina Class: Zygomycetes …

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Spores

Spores are the unicellular structure. These formed during unfavourable conditions. They can survive in a harsh environment. Spores are highly resistant structures, can withstand harsh conditions like high temperature, pH, salt concentration etc. Spores exist in variable shapes, sizes and numbers. These are the reproductive structures that form in the life cycle of many plants, …

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Electrophoresis

Electrophoresis separates the biomolecules like proteins, nucleic acids, amino acids etc. according to their size, shape, chemical charge etc. under the control of the electric field. Under the influence of the electric field, a positively charged molecule (Anion) will move towards the negatively charged electrode i.e. Cation. The negatively charged molecule (Cation) moves towards the …

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Blood cells

The blood cells are part of the blood circulatory system. Blood is a fluid that mainly pumps out by the heart and circulates it throughout the body and then comes back to the heart, is a process refers to as “Circulation of blood” and occurs in a circulatory system. Blood acts as a “Carrier” that …

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Fermentor

A Fermentor is a device that accomplishes the fermentation process by the help of certain microorganisms, and that is the reason why it also refers as “Biofermentor or Bioreactor“. it is equipped with all the elements that are necessary to carry out the commercial production of substances like antibiotics, enzymes, beverages etc. in many industries. …

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Dimorphic fungi

Dimorphic fungi can define as a type of fungi which has a dual life cycle where Di means two and Morphic means morphology or structure. Therefore dimorphic fungi are the type of fungi which shows two kinds of morphology in its life cycle. This dual character of dimorphic fungi refers to “Dimorphism”. On the basis …

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Lac-Operon

Lac-operon is a concept which involves regulation of protein synthesis or the synthesis of an enzyme by the set of genes. This concept can be well studied by the gene expression in prokaryotes like E.coli and other bacteria. The concept of Lac-operon was first explained by Jacob and Monad in E.coli. Lac- operon simply refers …

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